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These instructions are in accordance with the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals (known as the Vancouver style), determined by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors [1].

Manuscripts must be submitted in electronic version, sent via the “Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica Editorial system” The system automatically converts source files to a single Adobe Acrobat PDF version of the article, which is used in the peer-review process. The language of the ACI is US English (preferably) and Serbian. Original articles should not exceed 10 pages of text, and are composed as follows: Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Patients/Material and methods, Results, Discussion, References, Tables, Figures and Last page. Reviews should not exceed 12 pages and 4 tables or figures, and Case reports should not exceed 3 pages and have not more than one table or figure. Pages should be numbered, beginning with the title page. Letters to the Editor should not exceed 2 pages and include not more than 4 references. Each manuscript component (Title page, Abstract, etc.) begins on a separate page. All pages are numbered consecutively beginning with the title page. All measurements are reported in Système Internationale (SI) and, if necessary, in conventional units (in parenthesis). The drugs and chemicals are presented by their generic names, eventually followed by the commercial name in brackets.

TITLE PAGE

The Title page contains: 1) full article title, concise and descriptive, containing information on the scope of investigation (non-standard abbreviations should not be used in the title); 2) authors’ full names (first names, middle initials, if applicable, and last names); 3) authors’ institutional affiliations (departments, institutions and/or hospitals) to which the work should be attributed – each connected to its respective author by a number in superscript (following the authors’ names and preceding the institution names); 4) a short running title of not more than 50 characters; 5) name, telephone number, fax number, exact postal address and e-mail address of the corresponding author; 6) acknowledgement of grants, research support (equipment, drugs), technical help, critical reviews and other assistance, if any.

ABSTRACT PAGE

The Abstract page contains the abstract, 3 – 5 key words, “précis” (short oversight), statement on conflict of interests (if any), and a list of abbreviations (if used in the paper). The abstract of not more than 150 words, should be structured into four subheadings: Background, Aim(s), Methods, Results, Conclusion. Case reports and reviews must also have an abstract, not necessarily structured. The abstract should be explicit, concise, and systematic. Clearly state the objectives of the study. List the basic procedures, selection of the research material, and the methods performed. List the most significant results with only necessary statistics. The conclusions, based directly on the results, should be summarized in one or two sentences. The abstract does not contain abbreviations, footnotes or references. The key words must strictly refer to the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) list of the Index Medicus. “Précis” is a short oversight of the manuscript, up to 4 sentences. Any potential conflict of interest (i.e. commercial arrangements) should also be disclosed on this page. Frequently used standard abbreviations and symbols must be explained in the text in the following way: the term should be written in full when it appears in the text for the first time, followed by the abbreviation in parentheses; from then on, only abbreviation is used in the text.

INTRODUCTION

Body text of the manuscript starts with the Introduction section. It should be concise and states the reason and the specific purpose of the study, including the “a priori” hypothesis and specific protocol objectives. Briefly present the problem, underlining the data from the literature about the problem, and proceed logically to a short description of the aim of the investigation Avoid extensive review of the research field or common knowledge of the materia.

PATIENTS/MATERIAL AND METHODS

The section Patients/Material and methods describes in detail the selection of patients or experimental animals, including controls, without patients’ personal identification data (names, initials, hospital record IDs). Permission to use patient’s pictures and their informed consent must accompany such material. The investigation should be adequately described in order to permit replication, evaluation and comparison by other researchers. When reporting experiments on human subjects, it should be indicated whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible Committee on Human Experimentation / Ethical Committee of the institution(s) in which they were done or with the revised Helsinki Declaration [2], with an adequate formal statement from the Committee. Involvement of laboratory animals should follow the accepted standards, proven by an appropriate statement. Include the details on safety measures if hazardous procedures or chemicals have been used. In cases of clinical trials, it is necessary to define the study population, inclusion criteria, treatment procedures, mode of allotment (randomization, blind), and length of the follow-up period. Statistical methods used are outlined.

RESULTS

The Results section gives all findings, clear and concise, and includes a minimum number of tables and figures necessary for proper and detailed presentation, related to the items in the text by numbers (reference marks). However, it is necessary to avoid here simple duplication of the data given in the tables or figures. The past tense is recommended in the Results section. Provide exact probability (p) values, and show statistical significances in the text, tables and/or in diagrams. Averages (means) should be followed by ±SD, and medians by ranges (in parentheses).

DISCUSSION

The Discussion section should include interpretation and assessment of study findings in the context of the postulated hypothesis and aims, and in relation to the results in other trials reported in the literature. It should not be a simple recapitulation of the results and new results should not be introduced in the Discussion. Attempts should be made to explain differences and similarities between the results of the present study and those from the relevant literature. Hypothesis and speculative statements should be clearly identified. Avoid citing studies which are not completed or are currently undergoing. This section has must end with a clear, concise conclusion, properly based on the aim of the work - avoid conclusions which are not arising from the result of the study.

REFERENCES

References should be numbered consecutively and listed in the sequence in which they appear in the text. A reference cited only in a table or figure is numbered in the sequence established by the first mention in the text of the table or figure containing the reference. References are identified in the text by Arabic numerals in square brackets. Personal communications and unpublished observations are not cited in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text in parenthesis. The abbreviations of the journals must conform to those used in Index Medicus of the National library of Medicine. List the first six authors followed by “et al.” The style, puncture and format, according to the ICMJE [3] should conform to the examples given below:

Journal article:

Rose ME, Huerbin MB, Melick J, Marion DW, Palmer AM, Schiding JK, et al. Regulation of interstitial excitatory amino acid concentrations after cortical contusion injury. Brain Res 2002; 935:40-6.

Article published electronically ahead of the print version:

Yu WM, Hawley TS, Hawley RG, Qu CK. Immortalization of yolk sac-derived precursor cells. Blood 2002; 100:3828-31. Epub 2002 Jul 5.

Books and Other Monographs - Personal authors:

Murray PR, Rosenthal KS, Kobayashi GS, Pfaller MA. Medical microbiology. 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby; 2002.

Books and Other Monographs - Authors and editors:

Breedlove GK, Schorfheide AM. Adolescent pregnancy. 2nd ed. Wieczorek RR, editor. White Plains (NY): March of Dimes Education Services; 2001.

Chapter in a book:
Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2002. p. 93-113.

 Conference proceedings:

Harnden P, Joffe JK, Jones WG, editors. Germ cell tumours V. Proceedings of the 5th Germ Cell Tumour Conference; 2001 Sep 13-15; Leeds, UK. New York: Springer; 2002.

Dissertation:

Borkowski MM. Infant sleep and feeding: a telephone survey of Hispanic Americans [dissertation]. Mount Pleasant (MI): Central Michigan University; 2002.

CD-ROM:

Anderson SC, Poulsen KB. Anderson's electronic atlas of hematology [CD-ROM]. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2002.

Journal article on the Internet:

Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.]. Available from: http://www.nursingworld.org/AJN/2002/june/Wawatch.htm

TABLES

Tables are typed each on a separate sheet, labeled consecutively with Arabic numbers, with an appropriate title (clearly suggesting the contents) above the table and explanatory notes, if any, below the table. The titles of the tables should not duplicate the text headings and subheadings. Tables should be self-explanatory, with logical presentation of data, enabling comparison or classification of related items. Their assignment is to present the exact values of the data which cannot be concisely summarized in the text. A maximum of 6 rows by 6 columns is preferred. For repetitive words in the tables use abbreviations or codes, with explanations given in the footnotes (superscript lowercase letters). Avoid presenting the same data twice, both in the table and a figure. The related items of the tables are organized in columns rather than in the rows. Each column heading for numerical data should include the unit of measurement applied to all the data under the heading. The precision of biological measurements seldom allows for more than 2 decimal digits.

FIGURES

Figures include all illustrations: photographs, line drawings and graphs (charts, diagrams). At the present, only black and white figures are available for publishing. They should be labeled consecutively with Arabic numbers. The number of figures included is the least required conveying the message of the paper, and no figure duplicates data present in the tables or text. Figures do not have titles, they are related to the Figure legend, listed on a separate page, numbered in the consecutive order, with the figure context, and all the additional explanations of symbols and findings, written continuously. Several figures related to the same item, should be labeled with an additional mark, e.g. Figure 2a, 2b, 2c. Letters, numbers and symbols on the figures must be large enough for readability. Symbols should be consistent throughout a series of figures. The meanings of symbols and lines should be defined in the legend or in the footnote. Graphs or charts must be provided as a high-resolution electronic figure file, and not a MS Excel file. The horizontal and vertical axes should be equal in length so as to make the diagrams square. Each axis should be labeled related to the variable it represents, and all the values on an axis should have the same number of decimals. Line drawings should be created professionally. Do not insert figures in the manuscript text file. All figures must be delivered as separate high quality electronic files, in TIFF or EPS format (grayscale), with a resolution of minimum of 300 dpi, and preferably 600 dpi. For photomicrographs, scaling is indicated by the calibration bar with a labeled length, and not by magnification factor in the figure legend. Photographs of identifiable patients can be accepted only if accompanied with their by written consent and permission. The already published figures require written permission from the copyright holder, and this is acknowledged in the text. Radiographs should present only the essential items.

LAST PAGE

The Last page contains the full title, authors, their affiliation, abstract and key words in Serbian (or, vice versa, in English, if the manuscript has been presented in Serbian).

The Editors retain the customary right to style and, if necessary, shorten texts accepted for publication.

The manuscript ca be reviewed only upon the receipt of the covering letter personally signed by all the authors. This letter stating the manuscript originality, authorship responsibility, and copyright transfer to the ACI. The cover letter form can be downloaded here [Link].

REFERENCES

  1. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Writing and Editing for Biomedical Publication. Available from: http://www.icmje.org
  2. World Medical Association General Assembly. World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki: ethical principles for medical research involving human subjects. J Int Bioethique 2004; 15:124-9
  3. International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals: Sample References. Available from: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/bsd/uniform_requirements.html

Title page: full article title, authors’ full names, authors’ institutional affiliations, short running title (up to 50 characters), name, telephone number, fax number, exact postal address and e-mail address of the corresponding author, acknowledgements

Abstract page: structured abstract (150 words), 3–5 key words, “précis” (4 sentences), statement on conflict of interests, list of abbreviations

Manuscript body text, sectioned as: Introduction, Patients/Material and methods, Results, Discussion, each starting on a separate page

References: numbered consecutively and listed in the sequence in which they appear in the text

Tables: typed each on a separate sheet, labeled consecutively with a title above the table

Figure legend: numbered in the consecutive order, with the figure context, and additional explanations of symbols and findings, written continuously

Last page: full manuscript title, authors, their affiliation, abstract and key words in Serbian (or in English, if the manuscript is presented in Serbian)

Covering letter: manuscript originality, authorship responsibility and copyright transfer to the ACI

Figures: must be delivered as separate high quality electronic files, in TIFF or EPS format (grayscale), with a resolution of minimum of 300 dpi, and preferably 600 dpi

Formal statement from the responsible Committee on Human Experimentation / Ethical Committee of the institution(s) in which the study was done

Postal address:
Miroslav Milićević, MD, FACS
Editor-in-Chief, Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica (ACI)
Clinic for Digestive Surgery, Clinical Center of Serbia
Koste Todorovića Str. 6, 11000 - Belgrade, Serbia
Fax: (+381 11) 361-5655
E-mail: This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

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